Anthimeria has its origin in the Greek word anti-meros, which means "one part for another". It is a rhetorical device that uses a word in a new grammatical form, often as a noun or a verb. Simply replace one part of the speech with another.
For example, Shakespeare turns a noun "peace" into a verb along this line: "Thunder would not make peace at my will" (King Lear). The use of nouns as verbs has become such a common practice that many nouns are now often used as verbs. In grammar studies, anthimeria has another name, "functional change," or "conversion." In fact, language is always fluid and in constant transformation, therefore using a verb as a noun or vice versa is no surprise to linguists.
Using Anthimeria in songs
Example # 1: These boots are made for walking (by Nancy Sinatra)
“Yeah, you keep lying when you should be sincere
And you keep losing when you shouldn't bet
You keep talking when you should be trading
Now what's okay is okay, but you haven't done it yet. ”
This song by Nancy Sinatra shows two nouns used as verbs, which are" true "and" saming ". ”
Types of Anthimeria
Depending on its use, there are two types of Anthimeria:
This type can be trendy or popular; However, it doesn't make its appearance permanent in language. For example, a temporary anthimeria these days is "hashtagging"; as it has surfaced recently but may not last long.
This type has become an integral part of the language since it emerged. For example, “texting” has become an integral part of language. Another is “Typing” Anthimeria in Literature
Example 1: Under the Greenwood Tree (by Thomas Hardy)
“The parishioners here,” continued Mrs.Day, looking at no living thing, but grabbed the brown dolphin tea things. Gossip, Poaching and Jail Set from everyone I've ever gotten among. And they'll probably talk about my teapot and tea supplies next! “
Hardy was popular for his creativity, ingenuity, and utterly strange and new words like:" gossip "," poacher "and" prison "in this excerpt from" Under the Greenwood Tree ".
Example 2: Letter to F. Scott Fitzgerald (by Thomas Wolfe)
“Don't Flaubert me Flauberts. Bovary I am not a bovary. Zola I no Zolas Your fine intelligence and your high creative abilities, all of which I so sincerely and deeply admire. “
In these lines the names of the writers are changed to plural forms that we have never seen before. This is another great example of anthimeria.
Example 3: In the wonderful dimension (by Kate Daniels)
“Until then I had never liked
petunias, their heavy stems,
the peculiar spittoon
of their name, a red clay pot outside an office window. ”
In this poem Kate changed the noun“ spittoon ”to a verb“ spittoon ”and changed the color purple to an adjective.
Example # 4: More Die of Heartbreak (by Saul Bellow)
"I often have the girl in my mind's eye. She is a dolichocephalic Trachtenberg, with the narrow face of her dad and the gaze of Jesus."
In this example, "Jesus" is transformed into a new adjective form "Jesusy". It gives a whole new expression to a noun.
Example # 5: Emma (by Jane Austen)
"Don't let me assume that she dares to walk, Emma Woodhouse-ing me!"
Austen has invented a verb “woodhouse-ing” from an existing noun "wooden house", which gives a new form to an old noun.
Function of Anthimeria
Anthimeria is very common in novels, short stories and particularly in poetry, where such a replacement evokes mild emotions of confusion. However, the proposed meaning is not difficult. recognize from the forms and methods of expression commonly used in the literature. It happens in advertisements, because the culture of this world is constantly changing, the language must also grow, improve and develop. Anthimeria, in fact, provides writers with a method to describe ideas in a unique way that makes people think. the readers. Sometimes writers use a new word to create images and images, in addition to this, it is a method by which we transform and change our language over time.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw