Definition of Genre
Genre means a type of art, literature or music characterized by a specific form, content and style. For example, literature has four main genres: poetry, drama, fiction, and non-fiction. All these genres have particular characteristics. characteristics and functions that distinguish them from each other, so it is necessary for readers to know which genre category they are reading to understand the message it conveys, as they may have certain expectations prior to the reading in question.

Genre types
There are five types of genres in literature, including:

Poetry is the first major literary genre. All types of poetry share specific characteristics. In fact, poetry is a form of text that follows a meter and rhythm, with each line and is subdivided into different genres, such as epic, narrative, romantic, dramatic and lyrical poem. Dramatic poetry includes melodrama, tragedy, and comedy, while other poems include soda, sonnet, elegy, ballad, song, and epic.

Popular examples of epic poems include John Milton's Paradise Lost, The Iliad, and Homer's The Odyssey .Examples of romantic poems are Red Red Rose by Robert Burns. All of these poetic forms share certain characteristics, such as: B. Do not follow paragraphs or sentences; They use stanzas and lines instead. Some forms follow very strict rules of length and the number of stanzas and lines, such as villanelle, sonnet and haiku. Others can be freely shaped, like Feelings, Now by Katherine Foreman, apart from the fact that in poetry, imagery such as metaphor, simile, onomatopoeia, exaggeration and alliteration is often used to create heightened effect is listed. It is also known as a play. His written text contains dialogue and stage directions. This genre has other categories such as comedy, tragedy, and tragicomedy. William Shakespeare is known as the father of English drama. His well-known pieces include Taming of the Shrew, Romeo & Juliet and Hamlet. Greek playwrights were the pioneers in the field, such as Sophocles' masterpiece Oedipus Rex and Antigone, while modern dramas include the death of a salesman by Arthur Miller .

This type of written text differs from poetry in that it contains full sentences that are written in Paragraphs are divided. In contrast to poetry, prose focuses more on characters and plot than on sounds. It contains short stories and novels, while fiction and non-fiction prose is further broken down into essays, speeches, sermons and interpretations.

Fiction has three categories: realistic, non-realistic and semi-fictional. Fictional work is usually not real and therefore writers can use complex imagery to capture the reader's imagination. In contrast to poetry, it is more structured, follows the correct grammatical pattern and the correct mechanics. A fictional work can contain fantastic images d imaginary ideas from everyday life. It includes some important elements such as plot, exposition, foreshadowing, ascending action, climax, descending action, and resolution. Popular examples of literary fiction include James Joyce's novel A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man, a Charles Dickens story Two Cities, Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, and To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee.

La Nonfiction is a broad category that also has subgenres; It can be creative like a personal essay, or factual like a scientific article. However, you can also use figurative language, not unlike poetry or fiction. Sometimes nonfiction can tell a story, such as an autobiography, or it can convey information to readers.

Other examples of nonfiction include biographies, diaries, memoirs, diaries, fantasies, mysteries, and romances. A popular genre example of Nonfiction is Michael Pollan's highly celebrated book, The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, which is an account of the eating habits of Americans.

Gender Role
Different genres have different roles. For example, fiction and Dramatic genres help students and writers learn and improve their communication skills. A poetic genre, on the other hand, increases the imaginative and emotional power of readers. Non-fictional texts and essays help readers develop analytical and persuasive skills. However, the main function of the genre is to establish a code of conduct between the writers and the audience, and to keep readers informed of the topics discussed or presented.
Contrast Moral