Definition of Soliloquy
A Soliloquy is a popular literary device often used in drama to reveal a character's innermost thoughts. It's a great technique for conveying the progression of the game's storyline by expressing a character's thoughts about a particular character or past, present, or upcoming events while speaking to yourself without the presence of another Person.

The word monologue is derived from the Latin word solo, which means “for yourself” and from loquor, which means “I speak.” A monologue is often used as a means of revealing or manifesting characters to the reader or audience of the play.

Due to a lack of time and space, it was sometimes considered essential to present information about the plot and to reveal the characters' feelings and intentions. Historically, playwrights have used monologues extensively in their plays, but it is out of date, although some playwrights still use it in their plays during the Elizabethan era, there are many examples of monologues differently. In a monologue, a character usually makes a speech in the presence of other characters, while in a soliloquy, the character or speaker talks to himself and, in doing so, the character keeps these thoughts secret from the other characters in the play. On the other hand, it is a brief comment from one character to the audience, often to another character, but usually without their knowledge.

Examples of soliloquy in literature
Shakespeare made extensive use of soliloquies in his plays. This significant dramatic technique in Christopher Marlow's work Doctor Faustus. Modern works do not have as many examples of soliloquy as the Renaissance era.

Example # 1: Doctor Faustus (By Christopher Marlow)
"Yet you are still Faust, and a man"

In the first Doctor Faust soliloquy, Marlow has very well summarized the life, motives, intentions and development of Faust's ideas that took place before the start of the action. The extraordinarily ambitious soul of Doctor Faustus is revealed here, that he was dissatisfied with the existing branches of knowledge and needed something beyond the powers of man.

Example # 2: Doctor Faustus (By Christopher Marlow)
“Beautiful eye of nature , get up, rise again, and make
a perpetual day; Or that this hour is only
A year, a month, a week, a calendar day,
So that Faust will repent and save his soul! ”

These lines are taken from Dr. Faustus' last monologue, in which Faustus appeals in the fear of the last hour to stop whatever has been done.

Example 3: Hamlet (by William Shakespeare)
“To be or not to be? That is the question - whether it is more noble to suffer in the head
The slingshots and arrows of unheard-of luck ... ”

Hamlet is in a state of mind that only Shakespeare can describe with his magnificent pen. Unsure, reluctant Prince Hamlet literally could do nothing but wait to "catch the conscience of the King" to complete his supposed plan.

Example 4: Romeo and Juliet (by William Shakespeare)
"O Romeo, Romeo! Why are you romeo
Deny your father and reject your name;
Or, if you don't want to, be but I have sworn my love,
And I will no longer be a Capulet. “

Juliet pondered aloud the traditional enmity between Romeo's clan and her family and expressed her hopelessness over the success of their love.

Example 5: The Crucible (By Arthur Miller)
“ Peace. It is providence and not a great change; We're just what we always were, but now naked. Yes, naked! And the wind, God's icy wind, will blow!

Although modern plays hardly use soliloquies, The Crucible has some used in the second act. he faces the open sky when he talks to Mary Warren.

Soliloquy role
A soliloquy in a play is a great dramatic technique or tool intended to reveal the inner workings of the character. The story is better than a soliloquy. It is used, not only to convey the development of the work to the audience, but also to provide the opportunity to see inside the mind of a certain character.
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