Argument definition
An argument is the main statement of a poem, an essay, a short story or a novel, which usually appears as an introduction or as a point on which the writer will develop his work to convince his readers.

Literature does not. Therefore, an argument is not intended to serve as an introduction only, but draws the reader's attention to a topic that will gradually become clearer.

Examples of Common Arguments
In our everyday lives, we use different arguments in our discussions to convince others to accept our views We do it the same way in literature, which means we state what we believe to be true, and then gradually build an argument around it to make others believe it to be true as well.

For example, the subject of an argument could be "The Internet is a good invention." Then, we support this statement with logical reasons, such as "It is an endless source of information" and "It is an entertainment center", and so on. In the end, we conclude the argument by giving our verdict.

Let us now analyze some examples of arguments from literature:

Example # 1: David Copperfield (by Charles Dickens)
Charles Dickens begins his novel David Copperfield with this literary argument:

“Yes I will become the hero of my own life, or if that station will be occupied by someone else, these pages must show.

The opening line above is considered one of the best opening lines in a novel. It becomes the main message or argument of the novel as the entire novel depicts the adventures of narrator David. Many people fail him and many others support him in difficult times. In the end, he was not the hero of his life alone, but there were others who deserve the same status.

Example 2: Paradise Lost (by John Milton)
John Milton provides his argument or purpose poem in the first five lines of Paradise Lost , Book I:

“From the first disobedience of man and the fruit of this forbidden tree, whose mortal taste
brought death into the world, and all our suffering,
With loss of Eden, until a greater man
Restore us and regain the blissful seat. .. ”

In the lines above, Milton gives the reasons why man was driven from Eden, what the reason for all of our“ sufferings ”is, and how“ a greater man ”(Jesus Christ) restored our status to the rest of the epic Poems develops this argument - in order to “justify the ways of God to man” .

Example 3: Pride and Prejudice (by Jane Austen)
The first lines give a similar result from Jane Austen's pride and prejudice a suitable example of an argument:

“It is generally accepted truth that a single man who has a good fortune must depend on a woman. “

The plot of the novel revolves around this argument. We see girls and their parents looking for rich bachelors. The legitimate bachelors don't seem to have any other worries in their lives other than finding beautiful partners. Thus, we see a matching game that takes up the entire novel

Example # 4: Rime of the Ancient Mariner (By S. Coleridge)
S. Coleridge added his plot to the beginning of his poem Rime of the Ancient Mariner. He writes:

“How a Ship that had passed the Line was driven by storms into the cold Country toward the South Pole; and how from there it took its course to the tropical latitude of the Great Pacific Ocean; and the strange things that happened; Coleridge gives us a summary of his poem in a few words.

Plot function
Literature, at face value, can be seen as a tool to entertain us, with engaging verses, with sweet melody, or with a story with instances of humor or emotion displayed by interesting characters. However, this is not your ultimate goal. Writers regard literature as a powerful tool in their hands to shape or reshape our thinking. Arguments come into play here. hour. Writers play carefully with words, in addition to giving reasons and examples to persuade us of their points of view. Our gaze is shaped by words that also entertain us.
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