Katharsis Definition
A Catharsis is an emotional discharge through which one can achieve a state of moral or spiritual renewal or a state of freedom from fear and stress. Catharsis is a Greek word that means "purification". In literature, it is used to purify characters' emotions. It can also be any other radical change that leads to a person's emotional rejuvenation.

Originally the term was used in poetics by Aristotle to explain the effects he believed that catharsis was the ultimate end of a tragic artistic work and theirs Mark quality. In Poetics he went on to say:

“Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete and complete of a certain magnitude; … Through pity [eleos] and fear [phobos], which bring about the correct purification [catharsis] of these emotions ”(approx. 350 BC, book 6.2) .

Examples of catharsis from literature
Example 1: Macbeth (by William Shakespeare)
William Shakespeare wrote two famous examples of catharsis. One such example of catharsis is his tragic drama Macbeth. Macbeth audiences and readers often feel sorry for the play's tragic central figure because he was blinded by his destructive preoccupation with ambition. In Act 1, King turns him into Cawdor's thane. Duncan, making him a prodigy, well regarded for his bravery and talent, yet his era of doom begins when he, like most people, is carried away by ambition and also by the supernatural world. wife, his truthfulness, and finally his life. The temptation of ambition robs him of the essence of his existence as a human being and he leaves nothing but discontent and a worthless life. In act V, Macbeth picks up on this idea in his soliloquy. He says, while talking about his life:

“… a poor
player Who struts and fidgets when he is on stage
And then you can't hear it anymore. It's a
tale Told by an idiot, full of noise and fury,
Meaning nothing. "

Example # 2: Romeo and Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
"Here is my love! [Drinks] Oh true apothecary! Your drugs are fast. So with a kiss I die. [Falls] ”

In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo commits suicide by drinking the poison that he mistakenly believes Juliet had also tasted. The public tends to cry. At this particular moment for various reasons, mainly because losing a loved one is a feeling that we have all experienced, seeing or reading such a scene triggers the memories of someone we have lost (either by death or by mere separation), and because We are able to relate to it, suddenly we release the emotions that we have been repressing

Catharsis function: dramatic uses 40a4 In drama, the term catharsis explains the impact of tragedy, comedy or any other art form on the audience, and in some cases, even the interpreters themselves. Aristotle did not elaborate on the meaning of "catharsis" and the way he used it to define tragedy in Poetics.

According to G. Otherwise, the conventional and most widely used explanation of catharsis as "purification" or "purification" has no basis in poetics. Rather, it comes from other non-Aristotelian and Aristotelian contexts. Such confusion as to the origin of the term has led to various interpretations of its meaning.

A authoritative version of D.Lucas' poetics, in an appendix devoted to “Pity, Anxiety, and Catharsis”, elaborated on the various shades and aspects that inherent in the interpretation of the word (Aristotle: Poetics, Oxford, 1968, pp. 276-79). Lucas identifies that there is a chance that catharsis has some aspects of meanings such as "purification", "intellectual clarification" and "purification".

However, the type of discussion he has on behaviors under these conditions are not as precise as other leading scholars would like. He does not consider interpretations other than his own and tends to take a different approach. His approach focuses on "the Greek doing" ctrine of humor "which was not received too well.

The most common interpretations of the term are purification and purification, which are still widely used. The most recent interpretation of the term catharsis is "intellectual clarification".
Catastrophe Chiasmus