Prose is a form of language that does not have a formal metric structure; it applies a natural flow of speech and an ordinary grammatical structure, rather than a rhythmic structure, as in the case of traditional poetry.
Normal everyday speech is spoken in prose. and most people think and write in prose form. Prose is made up of complete grammatical sentences, consisting of paragraphs, and forgoes aesthetic appeal in favor of clear and direct language. It can be said that it is the most reflective of conversational speech. prose has versification, and a combination of the two formats is called "prose poetry."
Example of a poetry verse versus prose form
Below is a poetry verse from a popular work by Robert Frost:
“The woods are beautiful and deep.
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go. to go before sleeping, 40 to 4 And miles to go before sleeping ”.
(Passing the Woods on a Snowy Afternoon, by Robert Frost)
Below is the same sentiment written in prose form:
“The forest looks beautiful against the setting darkness and as I gaze into the mysterious depths of the forest , I feel like staying here longer. However, I have pending appointments to keep and a lot of distance to travel before settling in for the night, or else I'll be late for all of them ”.
The previous paragraph conveys a similar message, but is conveyed in plain language.
Some common types of prose
Non-fictional prose: A literary work that is based primarily on fact, although it may contain fictional elements in certain cases. Examples include biographies and essays.
Heroic prose: A literary work that can be written or recited, and that uses many of the formulaic expressions found in oral tradition. For example, legends and stories. work that exhibits poetic quality, using emotional effects and intensified images, but is written in prose rather than verse.
Examples of prose in literature
Prose in novels40a 4 This is usually written in narrative form and may be the product of the author's imagination.
Example # 1: 1984 (by George Orwell)
"It was a cold, bright day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen."
Example # 2: David Copperfield (by Charles Dickens)
"If I am to become the hero of my own life, or if that position will be filled by someone else, these pages should show it."
Example # 3: Anna Karenina (By Leo Tolstoy)
“Happy families are all the same; Every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. ”
These prose examples have been taken from novels, where the writers have used their imagination. They are examples of fictional prose.
Prose in Speeches
Prose used in speeches often expresses thoughts and ideas of the speaker .
Example no. 4: No easy path to freedom speech (By Nelson Mandela)
“You can see that there is no easy path to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to go through the valley of the shadow (of death) again. and again before we reach the tops of the mountains of our desires ”.
Example # 5: Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech (by Mother Teresa)
“The poor are very great people. They can teach us so many beautiful things. ”
Example # 6: Speech on equal rights for women (by U. Congressman Shirley Chisholm)
"The marriage laws are undergoing major reform, and an excellent start would be to remove the existing ones from the books."
These prose examples come from speeches where the script is often crisp and compelling and fits the occasion to convey a certain message.
Prose in Plays
Prose, written in plays, is supposed to be dramatic and eventful.
Example No. 7: Cat on a hot tin roof (by Tennessee Williams)
But you can't be old without it. "
Example 8: As You Like It (By William Shakespeare)
" The whole world is a stage and all men and women are just players. “
Prose in games is often in conversation mode and is supplied by a character. However, his style remains the same throughout the game according to the personality of the character.
Function of Prose
While there has been much critical debate about the correct and valid construction of prose, the rea son for its adoption can be traced back to its loosely defined structure with which itself Most writers feel comfortable expressing or conveying their ideas and thoughts. This is the standard writing style used for most spoken dialogue, both fictional and current and factual writing and discourse. It is also the common language used in newspapers, magazines, literature, encyclopedias, broadcast, philosophy, law, history, science, and many other forms of communication.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw