Tautology is the repeated use of phrases or words with similar meanings. In simple words, she expresses the same thing, an idea or a saying two or more times. The word tautology is derived from the Greek word tauto "the same" and Logos, which means "a word or an idea". A grammatical tautology refers to an idea that is repeated within a phrase, paragraph, or sentence to create the impression that the author is providing additional information.
Tautologies are in the English language because of the multitude of words it consists of borrowed from other languages. Given that the English language was heavily influenced by several other languages during its development - including Germanic and Latin - it is not uncommon to find several exotic tautologies. So tautologies are often found in English poetry and prose.
Types of tautology
There are different types of tautology that are widely used in everyday life, poetry, prose, songs, and discussions depending on the needs of a situation. Some of the general categories include:
Repetitive words used due to inadequacies in language
Language of an inept speaker or narrator
Examples of tautology in literature
Tautology is often confused with repetition. Some authorities say that repetition uses the same words, while tautology uses words with similar meanings. This tautology is repetition - not of words, but of ideas. Others say that there is no clear difference between the two that tautology involves the repetition of words. To better understand this, read the following examples from Tautology.
"Your actions are completely free of emotion."
Devoid is defined as "completely empty". So an example of tautology is completely empty.
“Repeat this again” and “Repeat this again”. By Kiss)
“Scream it, scream it, scream it out loud! ”
When a person screams, they always do it out loud.
Example # 4: (By Yogi Berra)
“ This is like deja vu again ”(Yogi Berra)
The term déjà vu means having the feeling of having done or previously experienced something, or doing it all over again. “Déjà vu todo de nuevo” is an example of tautology.
Example # 5: The Wasteland (By T. Eliot)
The emphatic function of tautology is revealed in the following example:
Thomas Stern Eliot shows the emphatic function of tautology, using the word "burn" repeatedly in the same vein.
Example # 6: Hamlet (by William Shakespeare)
intentionally implies mockery inherent in him.
Polonian: "What do you read, my lord?"
Hamlet: "Words, words, words."
Here Hamlet has used words to show that he is lost in the words that Polonius is famous for. using.
Example # 7: The bells (by Edgar Allen Poe)
"Keeping time, time, time,
In a kind of runic rhyme ...
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells."
Example # 8: The Wasteland (By T. Eliot)
“Twit twit twit / Jug Jug Jug Jug Jug Jug”
Example # 9: The Hollow Men (By T. Eliot)
“This is the way the world
This is the way the world ends
This is the way the world ends
Not with a bang but a moan. ”
Here, different types of tautologies have been used in a technical form of repetition, dominating others, such as figures of speech, imitation, and ornamentation. All of the above examples may appear in everyday use of language, and also as poetic devices.
Example # 10: The Holy Bible (by various authors)
Unlike the artistic inspiration built into the previous types of redundancy, here are a couple of examples of tautology with psychological implications. Speakers show acceptance of their destiny in these types of repetition:
“Si peris h, perisco. ”
“ If I lose myself (of my children), it hurts. ”
The role of tautology
The importance of tautology cannot be denied in modern literary writing. Today, however, writers try to avoid using tautological words and phrases to avoid monotony and repetition. It has almost become the norm to present short and direct language rather than repetitive and redundant phrases.
error, tautology is often used by various writers as a powerful tool to emphasize a particular idea, or to draw their readers' attention to a certain aspect of life. But it is not always taken as a quality of bad grammar; rather it has been taken as a specific rhetorical device.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw