Internal rhyme is a poetic device that can be defined as metric lines in which its middle words and its end words rhyme with one another. It is also known as “middle rhyme” because it is in the middle of lines.
Types of Internal Rhyme
Same line: Rhyme on the same line comes when the words rhyme on a single line.
For example: “It was once bleak midnight while thinking weakly and tiredly,
Separate line: rhyme comes on separate lines when two or more words rhyme in the middle of each line. For example
"While I was nodding and almost taking a nap, there was suddenly a knock,
As from someone who knocked gently and knocked on my chamber door."
End of and Middle of Line: Rhyme of The words at the end of the line and the words in the Come middle of the line when the words at the end of the line rhyme with the words in the middle of the next line. For example:
“… I eagerly wished for tomorrow; - I tried in vain to borrow
from my books - mourning the lost Lenore… ”
(The Raven, by Edgar Allen Poe)
Examples of inner rhyme in literature
Example 1: The Raven (by Edgar Allen Poe)
“ Once After a bleak midnight while I was thinking weakly and wearily, while nodding and almost napping, there was a sudden knock when someone knocked gently and knocked on my chamber door.
This is a visitor ”, I mumbled the door of the chamber…
Ah, I clearly remember that it was a dreary December; - I had tried in vain to withdraw sorrow from my books - sorrow for the lost Lenore… ”
This is the most popular poem by Edgar Allen Poe, in which he uses internal rhymes. Here we see examples of internal rhymes in which the words rhyme on the same lines, on separate lines, and on the following lines.
Example 2: Macbeth (by William Shakespeare)
“Double, double effort and anger,
fire and kettle bladder ...”
This is an excerpt from Macbeth, where all witches speak. This is an example of the first type of inner rhyme where words rhyme on the same line.
Example 3: Pink dominoes (by Rudyard Kipling)
“Jenny and I were engaged, you see…
Was that a kiss or two nothing for you…
Jenny would go in a domino….
While I was there, dressed in a splendid ...
Now we had arranged ourselves by exchanging notes ...
Am number four, so as not to roll anymore ...
When three were over, an avid lover ... “
In the lines given by Kipling's Pink Dominoes, he has Poets used the first kind of inner rhyme.
Example 4: The Ancient Seafarer's Rime (by Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
“The ship was fired on, the port was cleared,
And every day to eat or play,
In fog or cloud, on mast or Shroud, ..
White through fog smoke all night,
Glow he'd the white moonlight ...
"Why do you look like that?" - "Wretched with my crossbow
Ah! Did they say to kill the bird ...
Then I had killed the bird ...
The beautiful breeze was blowing, the white foam flew ..."
In this excerpt the rhyming words create a musical effect and emphasize it Meanings.
Example 5: Annabel Lee (by Edgar Allan Poe)
“Because the moon never shines without bringing me dreams
Beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
The beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so lay I stand by the side of my sweetheart, my sweetheart, my life and my bride all night long… ”
In the above example, the first type of inner rhyme is used, the words that create inner rhyme are shown in bold. These words give rhythm and a regular rhyme scheme to the poem.
Function of internal rhyme
The repetition of sound due to internal rhyme unifies a poem or story. It is used to enhance the effect of the poem, and this internal rhyme can take place in the same. line or two separate alternate lines. In addition, it adds to the meaning of the words and enhances the musical effect of a poem.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw