In literature, conflict is a literary element that involves a struggle between two opposing forces, usually a protagonist and an antagonist.
Internal and external conflicts
A careful study of some examples of conflict helps us to see that they can be internal or external.
An internal one or A psychological conflict arises when a character experiences two opposing emotions or desires - usually virtue and vice or good and bad - within. This disagreement causes the character to suffer mental anguish and a unique tension arises in an act, which is characterized by a lack of act.
External conflict, on the other hand, is characterized by a characteristic involvement of an act in which a character is involved struggles with the external forces that hinder his progress. The most common type of external conflict is where a protagonist struggles against the antagonist's tactics that are hindering his or her progress.
Exa Examples of conflict in literature
Example 1: Hamlet (by William Shakespeare)
let's internal conflict is the main driver in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet . "It decides his tragic downfall. He reveals his state of mind in the following lines from Act 3, Scene 1 of the play:
" To be or not to be - that is the question:
Whether it is more noble in spirit to suffer
The slingshots and arrows of outrageous happiness
And to take up arms against a sea of problems
And by resisting the end. To die, to sleep ... ”
The conflict here is that Hamlet wants to kill his father's murderer, Claudius, but he is also looking looking for evidence to justify his action. This ultimately ruins your life and the lives of your loved ones. Due to his internal conflict, Hamlet ruins his relationship with his mother and sends Ophelia (Hamlet's love interest) into such a state of despair that she commits suicide.
Hamlet's indecision nearly caused everyone to be killed by the end of the play. The resolution came when he killed Claudio assuming a false insanity so that no justification would be asked of him. In the same play, we find Hamlet involved in an external conflict with his uncle Claudius.
Example # 2: Doctor Faustus (By Christopher Marlowe)
Another example of an internal conflict is found in the character of Doctor Faustus in Marlowe's Doctor Faustus. Faustus has an ambitious nature. Despite being a respected scholar, he sold his soul to Lucifer. him signing a contract with his blood, in order to achieve supreme power and unlimited pleasure in this world. Learn the art of black magic and challenge Christianity.
After the above In action, we see Faust suffering an internal conflict in which he honestly thinks about repentance, acting on the advice of the "good angel" but "the bad angel" or the evil within him distracts him by saying that it is too late. In conclusion, the resolution comes when the demons take his soul to hell and he suffers eternal damnation due to his excessive ambition.
Example # 3: Lord of the Fly Farm (By William Golding)
The simplest type of external conflict is when a character in a story physically fights another character. In William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies, for example, Ralph (the leader of the "good guys") is constantly in conflict with Jack, a bully who later forms a "tribe" of hunters. Jack and his tribe give in to their wild instincts and make attempts to hunt down or kill the civilized group of boys led by Ralph.
Example # 4: To kill a nightingale (by Harper Lee)
Another type of external conflict establishes a character against the evil that dominates a society. In this case, a character may face off against a dominant group with opposing priorities. For example, in Harper Lee's novel To Kill a Mockingbird, an honest lawyer, Atticus Finch, faces off against the Atticus has the courage to defend a black man Tom Robinson, who has been falsely accused of rape, although Atticus has the support of some like-minded people, most of the townspeople express their disapproval of the racist society in which they live.His defense of a man black.
Function of conflict
Both internal and external conflicts are essential elements of a story. It is critical that a writer introduce and develop them, whether internal, external, or both, into their story to achieve the goal of the story. Conflict resolution entertains readers.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw