Inference is a literary device commonly used in literature and in everyday life, where logical deductions are made on the basis of premises that are assumed to be true. Another definition of inference suggests that it is rational but not logical, which means that through the When observing facts presented in a particular pattern, ultimately different or new interpretations and perspectives are seen
Symbols and anomalies are very important during use. Inferences are not used so much to reach conclusions, but to open up new forms of research. Inference is studied from this aspect, it is divided into two types: inductive and deductive inference.
Examples of inference in literature
Example # 1: The great Gatsby (By F. Scott Fitzgerald)
“It was after we started with Gatsby towards the house that the gardener saw Wilson's body a little way off in the grass, and the holocaust was complete. "
Excerpt above is one of the sample inferences After reading this line from F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, a reader who is smart enough to make a quick inference will simultaneously understand that Gatsby's life is over.
The most significant part of this sentence is that the protagonist of the novel, Mr. Gatsby, has been murdered; however, the circumstances surrounding his passing can be even more interesting if you look closely. Among the factors that contributed to his death, the most pervasive is his rebuttal to let go of the past.
Before the day Gatsby was killed, there was a part where he prevented his servant from emptying the pool, despite the fact that the The air was cold because it felt like summer was not over yet. Looking at this particular part prompts us more deeply to make an association between Gatsby's denial of the end of summer and his denial of the dissolution of his relationship with Daisy. So we could say that if Gatsby had made peace with the current circumstances.
Example # 2: The Pirate Solution, Big Bang Theory (by editors)
Sheldon Cooper: “I took another look at the board and realized that I am correct.”
Raj Koothrappali: “So you were wrong.”
Sheldon Cooper: “No. I am saying that.
Raj Koothrappali: "That is the only logical inference."
Sheldon Cooper: "I haven't said it yet."
Examples of inferences are also found in television series. The Pirate Solution is the best example that could be presented here. One can easily understand Raj's inference that because Sheldon admitted that Raj's opinion was correct, Sheldon was actually wrong.
The inference function is important, not only in literature, but in life daily to make sense of the things people say and do. The skills that inference teaches us are not only necessary to distinguish the underlying meanings of phrases and arguments, but also to perceive the implicit hidden meanings that improve the overall quality of communication.
Also used to draw your own conclusions from a script. Inference plays a central role in understanding texts by translating the use effects of particular words into the mind. It also makes us see the literary value of a text by highlighting its strengths. Furthermore, inference is of great importance for improving students' learning skills academically and otherwise.
The ability to make inferences helps students develop an understanding of the author's perspective by grasping the subtle meanings underlying a text. translating a text word for word, losing the associations that a writer is trying to make. Such a poor approach prevents us from understanding the "big picture" of a writing.
The delight a reader feels in reading a text is due to the inferences he makes along the way. People who are better at inferring generally have a lot more fun reading than those who don't. The reason is that they understand the script better because they can see things that are not too obvious. , so they follow a story or a text better and enjoy it even more. Also, better understanding the text helps them extract information from its existence.
When learning the processes of inference, people generally find that in some places reading a text independently makes it incomplete. There are certain concepts and feelings that we understand better when we associate them with our own experiences. It also helps to learn concepts like themes, characters, and figurative language. When this process is consciously and systematically repeated, it becomes a skill that helps us fill in the gaps in understanding a script.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw