Oxymoron is a phrase that combines two opposing ideas to produce an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective used by a noun with contrasting meanings such as “cruel goodness” or “living death.”
However, the contrasting words / phrases are not always glued together. The contrasting ideas can be separated in a sentence, e.g. B. "To lead you must go back."
Difference Between Oxymoron and Paradox
It is important to understand the difference between an oxymoron and a paradox. A paradox can consist of a sentence or even a group of sentences. An oxymoron, on the other hand, is a combination of two conflicting or opposite words. One paradox seems to contradict the general truth. but it contains an implicit truth. However, an oxymoron can have a dramatic effect, but it doesn't make any literal sense. Examples of oxymoron can be found both in casual conversations and in the literature.
Common examples of oxymoron
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The above oxymoron examples create a weird effect.Thrus gave a recurring lectures404Deriding virtual reality4.40 the professor gave a recurring speech4D about neighbors.
The contractor was asked to give the exact estimate of the project.
A lot of soldiers were killed in a friendly fire.
The doctor was absolutely unsure of the nature of his illness.
All politicians agreed not to agree.
There was one clerk in the office who was regularly irregular.
The hero of the play was so dejected that he was the perfect embodiment of being alone in a crowd.
The heads of state gathered to find an approximate solution to the crisis.
The green willow The silence was deafening among the hills.
The political scientist was asked to give his unbiased opinion on the current issue.
The CEO of a multinational company said, “We have been terribly fortunate to have weathered the disastrous effects of the recent economic recession. ”
People did not like the program as many unpopular celebrities were invited.
Examples of Oxymoron in Literature
Example 1: Romeo and Juliet (by William Shakespeare)
Why so, oh whacking love! O loving hatred!
O to create anything from nothing!
O heavy lightness! Serious vanity!
Misshapen chaos of good-looking shapes!
Pen of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!
Still awake sleep, that's not what it is!
I feel this love who feels no love this.
Don't you laugh?
We note that a series of Oxymora is instituted when Romeo faces the love of an inaccessible woman. An intense emotional effect is created to emphasize one's mental conflict through the use of conflicting word pairs such as "hate" love, "" heavy lightness, "" light smoke, "" cold fire "and" ill health ".
Example 2: Lancelot and Elaine (by Alfred Lord Tennyson)
The fetters of love weighed down on him
Faith unfaithful mistakenly held him true
We clearly notice the use of oxymoron in the sentences "shackles ... tense", "honor ... shame", "unfaithful faith" and "false true".
Example # 3: Petrarch's Sonnet 134 (by Sir Thomas Wyatt)
I can't find peace, and all my war is over
I fear and wait, I burn and freeze like ice,
I flee on the wind, but cannot get up;
The contradictory ideas of "war ... peace", "burn ... freeze" and "run overhead ... don't get up" produce a dramatic effect on the lines mentioned above.
Example # 4: Critical essays (For Alexander Pope)
The book fool read ignorantly,
With a pile of wise logs on his head,
With his own tongue still edifying his ears,
And he always appears ready for himself
The lines above provide excellent evidence of Pope's ingenuity. The oxymora "book fool" and "read out of ignorance" describe a person who reads a lot, but does not understand what he reads, and does not use his reading to improve his character
Example # 5: Hamlet (by William Shakespeare)
Shakespeare uses Oxymora in his plays to develop a paradox.
I will give him something and answer well
The death I gave him. So good night again.
I just have to be cruel, be friendly:
The evil begins and the worst remains.
One word more, good lady.
In the above lines from “Hamlet” Shakespeare draws two contradicting ideas: “Be cruel ... kind to his". The contradiction is in that Hamlet wants to kill Claudius, his father's murderer who married his mother. Hamlet doesn't want his mother to be the mistress of his father's murderer. Therefore, he believes that this murder will clean up her.
Example # 6: Romeo and Juliet, Act I, Scene II (By William Shakespeare)
O serpentine heart, hidden with a blooming face!
Has the dragon ever kept such a beautiful cave?
Beautiful tyrant! Angelic Fiond!
Ravenous lamb of wolves!
despised substance of divine spectacle!
Just the opposite of what you seem exactly;
A cursed saint, an honorable villain!
Oh, nature! use of a good oxymora, such as "bloody saint" and "honorable villain" etc.
Function of oxymoron
Oxymoron creates a dramatic effect in both prose and poetry. For example, when we read or hear the famous “sweet grief” oxymoron made by Shakespeare, it speaks to us immediately. It stimulates our thoughts and makes us think about it.This seemingly confusing phrase expresses the complex nature of love that can never be expressed by simple words.
In everyday conversation, however, people do not use an oxymoron to make deep statements like the above do. Instead, they use oxymoron to add flavor to their language.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw