Definition of Context
Context is the background, environment, setting, framework or environment of events or events. Context simply means circumstances that provide a backdrop for an event, idea, or statement so that the reader can understand the narrative or narrative. Writing is required to provide information, new concepts, and words to develop thoughts Using a quotation or fact from a source, it is necessary to provide information about the source to your readers in order to give context. This information is called context. The context highlights the meaning and relevance of the text and can be something cultural, historical, social or political.

Examples of the context in literature
Example 1: A story of two cities (by Charles) Dickens)
Dickens begins his novel A Tale of Two Cities in Year 1770 with the description of the release of Doctor Manette from Bastille before telling the story up to 1793 and early 1794 During this period the narrative covers a broad story. In a larger view, this novel begins in 1757, while its final scene looks forward to the situation of post-revolutionary Paris.

This story has a historical context around which Dickens organized various events during the French Revolution. He has drawn historical features from major events, including the fall of the Bastille, the September massacres, and the reign of terror. This backdrop is the context of the story.

Example # 2: Animal Farm (by George Orwell)
, and his revolution during his time. In the phenomenal novel, Animal Farm, Orwell has expressed himself using satire through the allegorical characters of Old Major and Boxer; Orwell uses animals to explain the history and context of Soviet communism, some of which are related to party leaders. For example, the pig Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin and Snowball represents Leon Trotsky. In fact, Orwell uses this fable for political and aesthetic reasons, following the Russian Revolution as context.

Example # 3: Dr. Faustus (by Christopher Marlowe)
The historical context of Christopher Marlowe's work Dr. hora. In 16th century Europe there was a conflict between Roman Catholicism and the Protestant English Church. Throughout this period, Calvinism was popular in the English churches. However, it was controversial. According to Calvinist doctrine, the status of the people was either saved or doomed. Scholars and readers have discussed the stance Marlowe's play takes on the Calvinist doctrine of whether or not Faustus is predestined to go to Hell. The Renaissance provides the context for this piece by Marlowe.

Example 4: Oedipus Rex (by Sophocles)
There is a popular saying that stories indicate values ​​and cultures of the societies in which their authors live. In Oedipus Rex, Sophocles presents his protagonist, Oedipus fights to implement his will against the fate determined by the Greek gods. During this process Sophocles reveals the Greek values ​​of the time he wrote the play.

He got the context of this play through the words and actions of Oedipus and other characters; These were some of the more popular themes of the time, thus forming the context of the Oedipus Rex.

Example 5: Lord of the Flies (by William Golding)
“While stranded on a desert island, a group of boys believe that a dangerous creature is lurking in the undergrowth. Simon is the first to recognize this threat and suggest to the boys that “maybe”, he said hesitantly, “maybe there is an animal”. “

This excerpt provides an excellent example of context as it relates an incident involving a group of young men on a desert island. The context describes why they were afraid and gives a clear picture of the situation and the environment.

Kontext is about providing a background or picture of the situation and who is involved. The context is an essential part of a literature text that appeals to the audience. If authors ignore context, they may be overlooking a critical aspect of the story's intent. Without context, readers may not see the true picture of a literary work. The context helps readers understand the cultural, social, and philosophical and political ideas and movements that were prevalent in society at the time of writing.
Short Story Assertion