Antimetabole is derived from a Greek word that means "to turn around". It is a literary term or device in which a phrase is repeated in reverse order. For example:
“You like it; it likes you "
" Fair is foul and foul is fair. “
Chiasmus and antimetabolic are usually overlapped in use, and this overlap is also often used as a synonym for epanados (repeating a phrase or sentence in reverse order) in modern books. However, the writer would distinguish them by its use.
Famous Antimetabolic Examples
Since the time of Socrates we have seen the use of antimetabolic drugs. Some of them are:
“Eat to live, not live to eat. ”- Sokrates
“ I go where I want and I ask where I go. ”- Attributed to Duke Nukem
“ In America there is always a party. In Soviet Russia, the Party always finds you! "- Yakov Smirnoff
" If you don't plan, you plan to fail. "
" Don't ask what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. " - John F. Kennedy, Opening Address, January 20, 1961,
"He who questions the formation only trains himself to ask questions." - The Sphinx, Mystery Men (1999)
"[Hamlet's] great goal of life is defeated if he continually resolves to do, but does nothing more to resolve." - Samuel Taylor Coleridge on Shakespeare's Hamlet
"We do what we like and we like what we do." - Andrew W., "Party Hard"
"We didn't land at Plymouth Rock. Plymouth Rock landed on us. "Malcolm X," Malcolm X "
" If you can't be with who you love, love who you are with. " - Billy Preston
"You stood up for America, now America must stand up for you." - Barack Obama, December 14, 2011.
Difference Between Chiasmus and Antimetabols
Antimetabols and chiasmus are very closely related, and some experts even use them interchangeably. Both terms still exist, however, to refer to two different literary means is repeated by reversing to convey an idea or to emphasize a point, it is called chiasmus. Antimetabol is not very different from Chiasmus, only that in an antimetabolic the words and grammatical structure are also reversed, just reversing the meaning is not enough. Given these facts, it can be concluded that all antimetabolic chiasmus, but not all cases of chiasmus are antimetabolic.
A Chiasmus is a phrase that is repeated in reverse. The only condition for a chiasmic sentence is that the two clauses in the phrase have opposite meanings. For example the popular saying by Havelock Ellis: "Charm is a woman's strength, strength is a man's charm", the phrase is an example of chiasmus, but it is not an antimetabolic. This is because the two clauses have opposite meanings, but the words and grammatical composition are different.
In an antimetabolic, the order of the words in a sentence is reversed to contrast the meanings. A very good example is Mae West's catchphrase: “It's not the men in my life; It's life in my men. "As you can see in this sentence the words, rhythm and grammatical structure in the second phrase are exactly similar to the first, but the meaning is opposite. Many experts refer to antimetabolism as a subtype of chiasmus.
Functions and effectiveness of antimetabols
For antimetabine, To be effective, it must not only be grammatical correct, it should also be logical. People who have studied the literature for a while think that they can produce antimetabolic drugs with the snap of a finger. They do not understand the fact that a sentence is not considered an antimetabolic can be designated if it is not based on a logical theme.
Anti-metabolism is popular and effective only because it appeals to reason and is easy to remember. If the first half is identifiable, the reader or listener will automatically understand the second half. For example: “It is not about the years in your life, but about the life in your years.” A sentence like this can be called antimetabole because it is attractive, correct (logically and grammatically) and has a message to convey to readers. .
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw