The word rhythm is derived from rhythms (Greek) which means "measured movement". Rhythm is a literary device that demonstrates long and short patterns through stressed and unstressed syllables, particularly in verse form.
English poetry uses five important rhythms. These rhythms have different patterns of accented (/) and acidic (x). Each of these types is called a foot. Here are the five types of rhythm:
1. Amb (x /)
This is the most commonly used rhythm. It consists of two syllables, the first of which is not stressed, while the second syllable is stressed. Like:
"Will I compare you to a summer day?"
(Sonnet 18, by William Shakespeare)
2. Trochee (/ x)
A trochee is a type of poetic foot commonly used in English poetry. It has two syllables, the first of which is strongly stressed, while the second syllable is not stressed, as follows:
"Don't tell me, in sad numbers"
(Psalm of life, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
3.Spondee (/ /)
Spondee is a poetic foot that has two syllables, which are accentuated consecutively. For example:
"White fountains that fall in the Cortes del sol"
(Lepanto, by G. Chesterton)
4.Dactyl ( / xx)
Dactyl consists of three syllables. The first syllable is stressed and the remaining two syllables are not stressed, as in the word "wonderful." For example:
“This is primeval forest. The Whispering Pines and Firs ”,
(Evangeline, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
The words“ primitive ”and“ murmur ”show fingerprints on this line
5. Anapest (x x /)
Anapest are total opposites of dactyls. They have three syllables; where the first two syllables are not stressed and the last syllable is stressed. For example:
"'It was the night before Christmas, and all over the house",
(' It was the night before Christmas, by Clement Clarke Moore)
Short Rhythm examples in sentences
Do what you planned, I would choose to stay home .
Who is the woman on the phone? You will have to call her again.
Tell them why you disagree, remember
I will find the keys for you and you must find a place to park the car.
Who are these goods, I do not know If I take it, my life is at stake, although it I know.
Give her a hamburger with an egg.
She prefers to go to school.
Bill acts brilliantly so he wants to stay in Holly
With us they'll see that they don't need
Never stop doing your best until you get to the top if you want to find hope
A mouse is hiding in his house
The goat is eating in the pot.
He made a star in her car.
This rat is fat.
Nina liked the ball at a mall.
How do you pray looking at the tray?
Examples of rhythm in literature
Example # 1: Romeo Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
both equally in dignity,
In beautiful Verona, where we set our stage,
From the old breakdown of resentment to a new riot,
Where civil blood stains the hands of civilians
From the fatal loins of these two enemies
There are ten syllables in the iambulo pentameter, where the second syllable is stressed or stressed. In the previous lines, the stressed syllables are expressed in bold.
Example # 2: Paradise Lost (by John Milton)
“And Life: fresh blood flowing; wide was the wound. ”
Milton has used spondee throughout this epic poem. The spontaneous metric is explicitly visible in the words "width was". However, the remaining line is iambic pentameter.
Example # 3: Macbeth (By William Shakespeare)
“DOU-ble, / DOU-ble / TOIL and / TROU-ble;
FI-re / BURN, and / CAL-dron / BUB -ble. ”
These two lines are taken from Shakespeare's Macbeth. The witch's spell chorus shows a perfect example of troques. The accented pattern is displayed in uppercase.
Example # 4: Song (by Sir John Suckling)
“Why so pale and pale, loving lover?
Prithee, why so pale?
Do you want that when looking good doesn't move her,
Looking bad will prevail?
Prithee, why so pale? ”
Sir John has written this poem in trochaic meter. Here, the stressed or stressed syllables of the trochaic pattern are shown in bold. The poem gives a strong rhythmic effect.
Example # 5: Tyger (By William Blake)
“Tyger! Tyger! burning bright
In the woods of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame your terrible symmetry?
Blake. Here, the first syllables of the words "tyger", "burns" and "forests" are stressed; however, the second syllables are not stressed.
Example 6: The attack of the light brigade (By Alfred Lord Tennyson)
"Half a league, half a league"
This single line is an example of a dactylic pattern, since an accented syllable is followed by two unstressed syllables, the stressed syllables above in bold printed.
Example # 7: Will there really be a morning? (By Emily Dickinson)
“Will there really be a morning?
Is there a day?
Could you see it from the
mountains if you were as tall as they are?
like water lilies?
Does it have feathers like a bird?
Is it brought from famous countries. ”
In this poem, the speaker feels dejected, wondering if there could be hope and tomorrow again. to the poem Note that stressed syllables are emphasized in this first stanza. See that the word "I" has no accent or accent with different feet as they are underlined.
Example # 8: My Daddy's Waltz (by Theodore Roethke)
"The whiskey on your breath
Could make a small child dizzy ..
We broke until the pans;
My mother's countenance
She couldn't be dismantled. ”
The rhyme scheme of this poem is ABAB, which means that the first and third lines rhyme, as do the second and third lines. fourth lines Roethke has used three iambs, or three beats per line, giving the poem a rhythmically regular flow.
Example # 9: By the North Sea (By A.Swinburne)
“And his hand never tires of giving,
And the Thirst of his heart is not fed
And the hunger that groans in its passion,
And the Rage in its hunger that roars,
Like a wolf on which winter strikes ...
Like the waves of innumerable waters
That the wind does not You can tell who guides
They are the sons of the shore and the daughters. ”
40a 4 This poet has used anapest (two letter apices followed by a stressed syllable) in this example. It adds to the beat, but has a subdued effect. He had left me
What he took to the grave!
This courage like a stone she no longer needs, and I have it. “
These lines follow a pattern of four Iambs on each line. This rhythm is catchy because the poet first sets the rhythm and then breaks it down in the last few syllables. It makes reading smooth and melodious.
Function of rhythm
Rhythm when writing works like a beat in music. The use of rhythm in poetry arises from the need to express some words more strongly than others.Therefore, the repeated use of rhythmic patterns with such an accent creates a rhythmic effect that is pleasant to both the mind and soul. In language, rhythm is used subconsciously to create identifiable patterns. In addition, the rhythm captivates audiences and readers alike by adding a musical impact to a speech or literary piece.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw