Definition of mood
In literature, mood is a literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibrations in readers through words and descriptions

Generally, mood is known as the atmosphere of a literary work, as it creates an emotional environment that surrounds readers. in a literary work through various methods, including setting, theme, tone, and diction. Let's see how writers use the aforementioned elements in their literary works to create a particular mood. of the literature that provides the background in which the events of the narrative take place. A particular setting not only provides support to the content of the story, but also sets the mood of the readers. Let's discuss some examples of mood Developed using an environment:

Example # 1: Pickwick Papers (by Charles Dickens)
Charles Dickens creates a calm and peaceful mood in his novel Pickwick Papers:

“The river, reflecting the clear blue of the sky, sparkled and sparkled as it flowed silently ”.

Rendering an idyllic landscape imparts a serene and non-violent mood to readers. in Wuthering Heights, create two contrasting moods through two contrasting settings. The events of the narrative take place in two neighboring houses: Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. A depressing mood arises when describing Wuthering Heights. For example, the narrator says in Chapter 12:

“There was no moon, and everything below was in misty darkness: no light that shimmered from a house had been far or near extinguished long ago: and those in Wuthering Heights were never visible… ”

On the contrary, the description of Thrushcross Grange creates a calm and peaceful mood:

“ Gimmerton chapel bells were still ringing; and the full, gentle flow of the basin in the valley came soothing to the ear. It was a sweet substitute for the missing murmur of summer leaves that drowned out the music over the manor when the trees were in the leaf. “

The Contrast The people from Wuthering Heights are unsophisticated, while those from Thrushcross Grange are refined.

Creating Mood through Tone
The way a writer approaches this subject and subject is called Tone Readers always rely on the point of view of the Writer on the events that take place in a story. You watch the story through his eyes. You feel how the writer feels about the events and the description. Hence the attitude of the writer arouses feelings and emotions in the readers.

Example # 3: The Road Not Taken (By Robert Frost)
For example, see how Robert Frost, in his poem The Road Not Taken, creates a gloomy feeling through his tone:

“I'm going to tell this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages from there:
Two roads diverged in a forest, and I,
, took the one less traveled by,
And that has made a difference ”.

Frost informs us of his past with a "sigh" that gives the previous lines an unhappy tone and thus evokes an unhappy mood. An unhappy mood is created because the poet convinces us that he regrets a choice that he made in the past.

Creating the mood through diction
Diction is the choice of words a writer uses. the events, places, and characters of a literary work in specific colors, having an effect on the way readers feel about them

Example # 4: Gulliver's Journey (by Jonathon Swift)
The following lines from Los Jonathon Swift's Gulliver's Travels are one of the great examples of humor created using the diction:

“And since he's no stranger to the art of war, I have a description of cannons, culverins, muskets, muskets, carbines, pistols, bullets , gunpowder, swords, bayonets, battles, sieges, setbacks, attacks, undermines, counter-mines, bombings, fights at sea ... ”

To create feelings of disgust in readers, for the destructive consequences of the war, the writer chooses words that are not melodious, harsh and jarring.

Mood function
Mood helps create atmosphere in a literary work through setting, theme, diction, and tone; evokes various emotional responses in readers, thus ensuring their emotional attachment to the literary work that Once readers are excited, they fully understand the message the writer is trying to convey to them.
Monologue Motivation