Definition of Caricature
Caricature is a device used in descriptive writing and the visual arts where certain aspects of a subject are exaggerated to create a goofy or comical effect. In other words, it can be defined as a plastic illustration, derisive drawing, or a representation based on an exaggeration of natural features and adding a humorous touch to the subject.

During the 16th century, numerous painters (e.g. Holbein, Bruegel and Bosch) certain aspects of the caricature in their work. However, this wasn't the case until the 17th century, Carracci was something funny. In the 18th century, Carracci introduced caricature into his work in a funny way. Caricatures grew in popularity in England as artists such as Hogarth, Rowlandson and Gillray followed in Carracci's footsteps. The genre slowly evolved to include social and political satire.

Examples of caricatures in literature
Example 1: Ethnic distinctions, no longer so pronounced (By Matt Bai, New York Times, June 29, 2010)
Several authors have written about it how unpredictable President Obama is. An article was published in the New York Times that sheds light on this particular subject, highlighting how people have exaggerated certain aspects of the President's personality tried Mr. Obama is clinical and insufficiently emotional, which is really just another way of saying that the president is not really knowable. It's a caricature that his opponents can exploit in part because many voters remain murky about his cultural identity. ”

Caricature arises from the forcing and embellishment of the basic rule of good description, that is, the principle of the dominant impression.

Example # 2: Bleak House (by Charles Dickens)
Here is one of the great examples of Charles Dickens caricature:

“Mr Chadband is a burly yellow man with a fat smile and an overall appearance of having a good amount of train oil in your system. Mrs. Chadband is a stern, stern-looking, silent woman. Mr. Chadband moves smoothly and awkwardly. , not unlike a bear that he has been taught to walk upright. He is very ashamed of his arms, as if they were uncomfortable. "

It's a fine example of caricature through words. The dominant impression is made by words like" oily "and" bold "which sound pretty literal at first. However, you will soon realize that the literal oiliness is a representation of the character Chadband. Chadband is has a 'big' smile, and by and large he seems to be a bit spurious, like a fake preacher.

Function of Caricature
The above cartoon examples have highlighted the functions and role of caricature and its development in modern literature with novel ideas Explaining oneself and the nature of mankind in general is nothing new to the world. This type of representation has been observed since the time when men lived in caves.

Caricature was introduced to the masses over time of enlightenment, and it endowed the age to which it belongs with its subtlety and critical attitude.As a branch of modernity, it played played a huge role in the expression of facts that were suppressed cause the conformists in society at this time. It was a reminder for those who believed the sword was more powerful than the pen, and it was used as a visual expression of conventional society. Today, caricature is a very dignified art form, approved and used throughout the world. Newspaper editors show great respect for artists who create cartoons for their newspapers, who often publish cartoons that might even represent a conflicting ideology. Art can be used to portray important and transformative social and political ideas, it can also be provocative for certain groups. Underdeveloped countries have found it difficult to adapt to this form of expression because they believe that it is a creation of evil by governments.
Canto Catachresis