Figure of Speech

Definition of Figure of Speech
A figure of speech is a phrase or word having completely different which meanss than its literal meanings. It conveys meaning by characteristic or scrutiny one issue to another, that has connotation or meaning acquainted to the audience. that's why it's useful in making vivid rhetorical effect.

Types of figures of Speech
There are many sorts of figures of speech. Here are a couple of of them with careful descriptions:

It happens once a author provides human traits to non-human or inanimate objects. it's the same as metaphors and similes that additionally use comparison between 2 objects. For instance,

“Hadn’t she felt it in each bit of the sunshine, because its golden finger-tips ironed her lids open and wound their approach through her hair?”

(“The Mother’s Recompense” by Edith Wharton)

In the on top of lines, the speaker is personifying sunshine as it has finger tips that wound their way into her hair. this is often attribute of mistreatment finger-tips in hair could be a human one.

Understatement and Hyperbole
These 2 figures of speech are opposite to every other. Hyperbole uses extreme exaggeration. It exaggerates to put stress on a definite quality or feature. It stirs up emotions among the readers, these emotions may be concerning happiness, romance, inspiration, laughter or sadness.

I’ll love you, dear, I’ll love youTill China and Africa meet,And the stream jumps over the mountainAnd the salmon sing within the street.”(“As I Walked Out One Evening” by W.H. poet)

In this poem, Auden has used figure to fret on however long his love his beloved would last. simply imagine once China and Africa would meet and might river jump up over the mountains? however salmon are often intelligent enough in order that it might sing and evolve enough and walk the streets?

Whereas understatement uses under no matter is intended, such as,

“You killed my family. and that i don’t like that sort of thing.”

(“The Chosen One” by Boon Collins and Rob Schneider)

In this line, the speaker is using a real understatement as a result of somebody has killed his family and he's simply taking it terribly traditional like nothing serious has happened.

It could be a variety of comparison between things or objects by mistreatment “as” or “like.” See the subsequent example:

My heart is sort of a singing birdWhose nest is in a very water’d shoot;My heart is like an apple-treeMy heart is like a rainbow shell…

(“A Birthday” by Christina Rossetti)

Rossetti has used simile thrice during this a part of the poem, scrutiny her heart to a “singing bird”, “an apple-tree”, and a rainbow shell.” The author makes comparison of heart to a contented bird in a nest, an fruit tree full with fruits associated a gorgeous shell within the sea, filled with peace and joy.

Metaphor is scrutiny 2 not like objects or things, which can have some common qualities.

Presentiment – is that long shadow – on the field –Indicative that Suns go down –The notice to the surprised GrassThat Darkness – is close to pass –

(“Presentiment is that long shadow on the lawn” by Emily Emily Dickinson)

In this example, Dickinson presents dread as a shadow. dread truly means that anxiety or foreboding, that she calls a shadow. In fact, she makes compares it with shadow to produce a higher description of hysteria that could sneak up in a very person’s life and cause fear.

Pun is that the manipulation of words that have over one meanings. It brings humor in an expression.

Whoever hath her wish, 1000 hast thy can,And Will to boot, and can in overplus;

(“Sonnet 135” by William Shakespeare)

See the employment of strange descriptive linguistics rule, that is the capitalization of word “Will.” typically within the middle of a line or sentence, writers capitalize a name. Here it's the primary name of Shakespeare. It means that he has created pun of his own name.

Function of Figure of Speech
Figure of speech isn't solely wont to embellish the language, however additionally cause a moment of pleasure once reading. it's used equally in writing further as in speech. It, in fact, provides emphasis, clarity or freshness to expression. Clarity, however, might generally suffer as a result of a figure of speech introduces double meanings corresponding to connotational and denotative meanings. It also strengthens the inventive expression and outline along side creating the language more graphic, pointed and vivid.
Characterization Conceit