Bildungsroman Definition
Bildungsroman is a special type of novel that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of its main character from adolescence to adulthood.

A Bildungsroman is a story about the growing up of a sensitive person who starts looking for answers to his or her questions in general such a novel with a loss or tragedy that emotionally upsets the main character. He or she sets out to fill this vacuum.

During the journey, the protagonist gradually and laboriously gains maturity. The plot shows a conflict between the protagonist and the values ​​of society. Eventually he or she accepts these values ​​and they are accepted by society, which ends dissatisfaction. Such a type of novel is also known as the “coming-of-of-age” novel.

Examples of Bildungsroman in literature
There are numerous examples of Bildungsroman or coming-of-age novels in English literature. Let's analyze a few briefly:

Exampl e # 1: The Story of Tom Jones, a Foundling (by Henry Fielding)
This is one of the famous educational novel examples written in comic mode. Squire Allworthy, a wealthy landowner, discovers a foundling, Tom Jones, on his property. Tom Jones becomes a lustful but honest young man, in contrast to his half brother Blifil, who was an embodiment of hypocrisy.

with Sophia Western, but the relationship is opposed to his father, on the grounds that Tom is a " bastard". After this loss, Tom goes through many experiences, and finally it is revealed that Tom is the son of Mr. Summer, Allworthy's friend, and Mrs. Waters, who is Allworthy's sister, so society accepts him when it is established that he's not a bastard.

Example # 2: David Copperfield (by Charles Dickens)
This can be termed as a bildungsroman, as it traces David Copperfield's life from childhood to maturity. sends David to work for a wine merchant in London. He then runs away to finally reach his eccentric aunt Betsey Trotwood, who agrees to raise him, and calls him “Trot. We see a change in David's “undisciplined heart” when, after Dora's death, he conducts a soul search and chooses the sane Agnes - a woman who had always loved him - as his wife.

Example 3: A portrait of the artist as a young man (by James Joyce)
This is a coming-of-age story by the character Stephen Dedalus. The story begins with Stephen at the age of 16 in a boarding school. One day he goes back to his room and gets sick from the unbearable burden of his sins and decides to change himself. He goes to church for confession and the clergyman is exceptionally kind. In this way, Stephen discovers a different path in his life when he becomes a clergyman. Stephen's life takes a different turn. He realizes that he cannot waste his life as a minister. He has to live in society and be innovative like an artist example of an educational novel. The novel is divided into three acts: child, adult and donor. Trace the life of Kathy, the novel's protagonist and narrator. She is a “donor” to whom organs are harvested to donate to seriously ill patients.

Kathy, free-spirited, kind and caring in her childhood. As a young woman, she shows less emotion by looking into her past. At the end of the novel, she is a mature woman and accepts the life of her and her friends. .

Function of Bildungsroman
The novel bildungsroman describes and criticizes those vices of society that make the protagonist suffer The novel conveys a sense of realism, because the protagonist is an ordinary sensitive person who is affected by the loss he suffers, and this loss, In Ultimately, it changes the course of his life.

In addition, the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist gives us a deep insight into the character, and also helps to understand the conflict in his life. We identify with characters who come of age and become emotionally attached and interested as we see them go through different stages of their lives, until they finally change for the better.
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