Blank verse is a literary device defined as non-rhyming verse written in iambic pentameter. In poetry and prose, it has a consistent meter with 10 syllables on each line (pentameter); where, unstressed syllables are followed by stressed syllables, five of which are stressed but do not rhyme. It is also known as "non-rhyming iambic pentameter".
Characteristics of the blank verse
Poetry in blank verse does not have a fixed number of verses. metric used for verse dramas and long narrative poems.
Often used in descriptive and reflective poems and dramatic monologues, poems in which a single character expresses her thoughts in speech form.
Blank verse poetry types
Iamb pentameter blank verse (stressed / stressed syllables)
Trochee blank verse (stressed / unstressed syllables)
Blank verse anesthesia (unaccented / unaccented)
blank syllables (unaccented) / unstressed)
verse (stressed / unstressed / unstressed syllables)
Brief examples of blank verse
Dreams are clues that tell us to take risks.
The fountain of faith in happiness and
changes, and it's time to take
The frost of the night drips silently from the ceiling
The human cadences always searching for this
The moon bathes in a beautiful silver dust
The luminous buds in white sway happily,
y Sparkling valleys darkened by anguish.
Only if the mountains could give me a push
Only if the dawn lights could talk hope
Listen to your heart as you use your wisdom
A valuable treasure you have is your ta
Gazing at the red and gold flashes of sunlight
Sweet sparks of light shining before the eyes
Inside the stars your dreams
now you can fly the unlimited starlight
If the passports are passwords for the sky above,
then we will read the puzzle
If there is a twelfth player, who does not play,
He only leaves the field when he is
Birds sing in the cherry orchard and try to sing a little later
Enemies reached in the enemy stage of enmity
Examples of blank verse from literature
The Earl of Surrey introduced the blank verse into the English literature in 1540 Milton, Shakespeare, Marlowe, John Donne, John Keats, and many other poets and playwrights have used this recur so in his works. Take a look at some examples of blank verse:
Example # 1: Repairing walls (By Robert Frost)
Something that doesn't love a wall
That sends the swell of the frozen ground under it,
And spills the upper rocks into the Sun;
This poem does not have a proper rhyme scheme. However, there is a meter consisting of 10 syllables on each line. Follow the iambic pentameter pattern with five feet on each line. Only the first line is written in a trochee pattern. All stressed syllables are marked in bold.
Example # 2: Hamlet (by William Shakespeare)
But woe is me, you are so fed up lately,
So far from joy and your former state,
I distrust you. However, although I distrust,
You are uncomfortable, my lord, nothing should ...
Hamlet gives us a perfect example of a typical blank verse, Shakespeare used the deliberate effort to use the syllables in a particular way, he brought variation by using caesuras (pause) in the middle of the line, as in the third line. Shakespeare has other pieces of literature that are also good sources for blank verse examples
Example # 3: Dr. Faustus (by Christopher Marlowe)
You stars who ruled when I was born,
Who has influence assigned death and hell,
Now you pull Faustus up like a misty fog
In the bowels of your working clouds, ...
So so that my soul can only ascend into heaven ...
Marlowe developed this potential in the late 16th century. Marlowe was the first author to use the potential of a blank verse to write a powerful speech, as noted here. The pattern used here is iambic pentameter.
Example 4: Ulysses (By Alfred Lord Tennyson)
It is of little profit that an idle king,
By this hearth, under these barren cliffs
Match'd with an old woman, I mete and dole
Underqual laws to one wild race…
The hoarding and sleeping and feeding and don't know me.
Just look in the example above, in which the first line is written in regular pentameters. However, in the following lines there is a small variation of the stressed pattern that is revived in the last two lines and doesn't follow any rhyme scheme.
Example 5: Macbeth (by William Shakespeare)
Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow
Crawls in this one small pace from day to day,
to the last syllable of the recorded time;
And all of our yesterday's days have lit fools
The road to dusty death ...
William Shakespeare wrote verses in the iambic pentameter pattern with no rhyme. Macbeth is a good example of empty verse. Much of the speeches in this piece are written in empty verse.
Example 6: Midnight Frost (by Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
But you, my baby! You should wander like a breeze
By lakes and sandy shores, under the cliffs
of the old mountain and under the clouds,
What image in its mass both lakes and shores.
And mountain cliffs: this is how you should see and hear
The beautiful shapes and sounds are understandable
The eternal language your God ...
Coleridge has used iambic pentameters in this example - ten syllables with five stressed syllables. Although there is no rhyme scheme, readers can feel the rhythm of a real speech due to proper use of the meter in this blank verse.
Example 6: Thanatopsis (by William Cullen Bryant)
For the one who is in love with nature
Communion with their visible Holds forms, she speaks
A different languages; For his happier hours
She has a voice of joy and a smile.
This empty verse has no rhyme scheme, but it does bring in an easy rhythm and cadence that mimics a pattern that readers might hear and feel when listening to nature.
Example 8 : Tintern Abbey (By William Wordsworth)
Five years have passed; five summers of length
of five long winters! And again I hear
This water rolls out of its mountain springs
With a soft murmur inland. - Once again
The I see these steep and high cliffs ...
The landscape with the calm of the sky.
The day is come when I rest again ...
This example does not follow a rhyme scheme, but it does not stop in an empty verse with iambic pentameter patterns Accented and accented syllables are written.
Example 9: This linden arbor my prison (by S.Coleridge)
Well, they are gone, and here I have to stay,
This linden arbor my prison! I've lost
beauties and feelings the way they would have loved to be my memory, even when age
darkened my eyes to blindness! You meanwhile ...
The slip of smooth clear blue between two islands
Of purple shadows! Yes! They all walk on
In joy; But you, do you mean, very glad, my gentle Charles! Because you feel like ...
Coleridge wrote these lines down as a spontaneous feeling while he was sitting in his garden. He wrote it in an empty verse with no rhyme scheme, but it follows the iambic pentameter.
Function of the empty verse
Coming from Latin and Greek sources, the empty verse is often used as a vehicle in English dramatic poetry and prose to make a certain size to create. The empty verse is similar to normal language but is written in a variety of patterns that bring interruptions like pauses. Therefore, the intention is to produce a formal rhythmic pattern that creates musical effect, thus tending to capture the attention of readers and listeners, which is its primary objective.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw