Definition of couplet
A couplet is a literary device that can be defined as having two successive rhyming lines in a line, and has the same meter to form a complete thought. It is marked by a habitual rhythm, a rhyme scheme and incorporation of specific expressions.

It could be a stand-alone poem, and it could be part of other poems, such as the sonnets in Shakespeare's poetry. If a couplet has the ability to differentiate itself from the rest of the poem, it is independent and is therefore called a "closed couplet". A couplet that cannot give an adequate meaning on its own is called an "open couplet."

One of the most widely used examples of couplets are these two lines from William Shakespeare's Hamlet:

“Time is messy, oh damn grudge
That I was ever born to set it right! ”

Types of couplets
Short couple
Divided couple
Heroic couple (Closed and open couples)
Shakespearet's couple
Alexandrine's couple
Chinese couple
Examples of couple in literature4, the example of William III4, the example of William III's 40aExamples4 The example of William III. the time that that face forms another;
Whose new repair if now you do not renew,
You deceive the world, you disgrace a mother,
Because where is she so beautiful whose unwanted uterus ...
But if you live, do not remember not to be,
Die alone, and your image dies with you. ”

This is one of Shakespeare's sonnets containing 14 verses; a couplet at the end of the poem usually rhymes and concludes the poem. These lines generally give a comment on the subject.

Example # 2: A Happy Moment (by John Dryden)
“Oh no, poor suffering heart, no
Choose to hold the smart one, rather than leave her;
My rapt eyes contemplate so many charms in her,
I can die with her, but not live without her:
A tender sigh from her to see me languish,
pays the price of my past anguish… ”

This excerpt is an example of closed heroic couplets . The lines follow an iamb pentameter pattern. All couplets form completely separate thoughts and ideas, and the rhyme scheme is perfect.

Example 3: Held and Leander (by Christopher Marlowe)
“Held lived with Sestos; Hero of the beautiful,
Who courted young Apollo for her hair,
And offered his burning throne as a dowry,
Where she should sit so that men could look at it.
The outside of her robes was made of lawn,
The lining was purple silk, marked with gold-plated stars ... ”

This is another very good example of open heroic couplets where the end of each couplet is enchanted - its phrasal and syntactic sense is carried over into the next lines. Or in poetic terms it can be said that there is no turning point.

Example # 4: An essay on criticism (by Alexander Pope)
“A little learning is a dangerous thing;
Drink deeply or don't taste the Pierian source:
The flat drafts intoxicate the brain,
And drinking largely sobs us again.
Fires at first sight with What the muse conveys,
In fearless youth we try the heights of the arts ... “

This excerpt is a good example of closed heroic couplets. Here all the couplets make perfect sense - which means that they don't carry their meaning into the following lines. In addition, these couplets also rhyme.

Example No. 5: The Canterbury Stories (by Geoffrey Chaucer)
Wann Zephirus eek with his sweet Breeth
Inspired in every Holt and Heeth
Tendre Croppes, and the Yonge Sonne
Hath in Aries his half Cours Yronne ... ”

This excerpt is an example of open heroic couplets with iambic pentameter. All lines rhyme, they don't give independent meanings on a single line, and the sense is carried over to subsequent lines.

Function of couplet
The rhyming couplets are usually used in poetry to make a poem interesting and rhythmic. They help to rhyme an effect in a poem. In literature, Chaucer, Dryden, Pope, and Shakespeare are known for rhyming heroic couplets. Rhyming couplets have also been widely used in Arabic and Chinese literature.
Consonance Critique