Direct characterization means the method Associate in Nursing author or another character within the story describes or reveals a personality, through the employment of descriptive adjectives, epithets, or phrases. In different words, direct characterization happens once a author reveals traits of a character in a very easy manner, or through comments created by another character attached him within the storyline.
Direct characterization helps the browseers perceive the kind of character they're getting to read about. For instance, in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, he describes his character John Proctor during this way: “He was the sort of man – powerful of body, even-tempered, and not easily junction rectifier – who cannot refuse support to partisans while not drawing their deepest resentment.”
Examples of Direct Characterization in Literature
Example #1: The Most Dangerous Game (By Richard Connell)
“The very first thing Rainsford’s eyes discerned was the biggest man Rainsford had ever seen – a huge creature, solidly created Associate in Nursingd black bearded to the waist. …
” ‘Ivan is an improbably robust fellow,’ remarked the general, ‘but he has the misfortune to be deaf and dumb. an easy fellow, but, I’m afraid, like all his race, a touch of a savage.’ “
The on top of passage shows an honest example of an immediate characterization. Here Zaroff has expressly described another character Ivan within the story The Most Dangerous Game, departure readers with no additional questions on him. Ivan could be a muscular, immense man, having an extended black beard. he's deaf and dumb, however strong, Zaroff says.
Example #2: The previous Man and also the Sea (by Earnest Hemingway)
“The old man was skinny and haggard with deep wrinkles in the back of his neck. The brown blotches of the benevolent carcinoma the sun brings from its reflection on the tropic ocean were on his cheek … Everything about him was old except his eyes and that they were identical color because the sea and were cheerful and undefeated.”
Hemingway uses the tactic of direct characterization to explain the previous man’s temperament traits, particularly the vivid eyes of his main character, the old man, Santiago in his novel.
Example #3: Hedda Gabler (by Henrik Ibsen)
“MISS JULIANA TESMAN, together with her bonnet on a carrying a parasol, comes in from the hall, followed by BERTA, who carries a bouquet wrapped in paper. MISS TESMAN could be a comely and pleasant- trying girl of regarding sixty-five. She is nicely however merely wearing a gray walking-costume. BERTA is a old woman of plain and rather rustic appearance…GEORGE TESMAN comes from the proper into the inner space … he's a middle-sized, young-looking man … He wears spectacles, and is somewhat carelessly wearing snug indoor clothes.”
In this excerpt, poet has delineated 3 characters: Miss Tesman, Berta, and St. George Tesman. He has clearly shown their personalities and mannerism through direct characterization.
Example #4: Pride and Prejudice (by Jane Austen)
“Mr. Bingley was well-favored and gentlemanlike; he had a pleasing countenance, and easy, unaffected manners. … he was discovered to be proud, to be on top of his company, and above being pleased; and not all his massive estate in Derbyshire may then save him from having a most forbidding, disagreeable countenance, and being unworthy to be compared together with his friend.”
Mr. Bingley, the romantic interest of Jane, and his friend, Mr. Darcey, are delineated during this excerpt through direct characterization. She has loved Mr. Bingley for his pleasant countenance, scrutiny him to Mr. Darcy.
Example #5: The Canterbury Tales (by Geoffrey Chaucer)
“He yaf nat of that text a force hen,That seith that hunters mountain nat hooly men,Ne that a monk, whan he's recchelees…His heed was balled, that shoon as any glas,And eek his face, as he hadde been enoynt.His eyen stepe, and rollynge in his heed,That stemed as a forneys of a leed;His constellation souple, his hors in greet estaat.”
Through monk’s portrait, his physical and social life, readers see a satire of the spiritual figures that ought to live a correct monastic lifetime of labor and deprivation. will be} the action of the outline of Chaucer that he has delineated a personality through direct characterization.
Function of Direct Characterization
Direct characterization shows traits further as motivation of a character. Motivation can talk over with desires, love, hate, or worry of the character. it's a vital half that produces a story compelling. Descriptions a couple of character’s behavior, appearance, method of speaking, interests, mannerisms, and different aspects draw the interest of the readers and create the characters appear real. Also, sensible descriptions develop readers’ robust sense of interest within the story.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw