Elegy could be a style of literature that may be outlined as a poem or song within the form of elegiac couplets, written in honor of somebody deceased. It generally laments or mourns the death of the individual.
Elegy comes from the Greek work elegus, which suggests a song of sorrow sung along side a flute. The types of lament we tend to see nowadays were introduced in the sixteenth century. Elegy Written in a very Country Churchyard, by Thomas Gray, and When Lilacs Last in the grounds Bloom’d, by Walt Whitman are the 2 most well-liked samples of elegy.
Features of Elegy
Usually, elegies are known by many characteristics of genre:
Just like a classical epic, associate degree lament generally starts with the invocation of the muse, and so issue by referencing ancient mythology.
It typically involves a author who is aware of however to phrase thoughts imaginatively within the 1st person.
Questions are raised by the poet regarding destiny, justice, and fate.
The poet associates the events of the deceased with events in his own life by drawing a subtle comparison.
This kind of digression gives the poet area to travel on the far side the most or crude subject to a deeper level wherever the connotations may be metaphorical.
Towards the tip the poet generally tries to produce comfort to ease the pain of the situation. Christian elegies typically proceed from sorrow and misery, to hope and happiness as a result of they are saying that death is simply a hindrance within the approach of passing from the mortal state into the eternal state.
An lament isn't continuously supported a plot.
Examples of lament from Literature
Example #1: In Memory of W. B. Yeats (By W. H. Auden)
“With the farming of a verseMake a farm of the curse,Sing of human unsuccessIn a rapture of distress;In the deserts of the heartLet the healing fountain start,In the jail of his daysTeach the free man a way to praise.”
Example #2: O Captain! My Captain! (By Walt Whitman)
“O CAPTAIN! My Captain! our fearful trip is done;The ship has we tend toather’d each rack, the prize we sought-after is won;The port is near, the bells I hear, the folks all exulting,While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring:But O heart! Heart! Heart!O the harm drops of red,Where on the deck my Captain lies,Fallen cold and dead.O Captain! My Captain! get on my feet and listen to the bells;Rise up–for you the flag is flung–for you the bugle trills; 10For you bouquets and ribbon’d wreaths–for you the shores a-crowding;For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning;Here Captain! expensive father!This arm at a lower place your head;It is a few dream that on the deck,You’ve fallen cold and dead.
My Captain doesn't answer, his lips are pale and still;My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will;The ship is anchor’d safe and sound, its voyage closed and done;From fearful trip, the victor ship, comes in with object won; 20Exult, O shores, and ring, O bells!But I, with mournful tread,Walk the deck my Captain lies,Fallen cold and dead.”
Whitman wrote this lament for lawyer (16th president of the United States).
Function of Elegy
Elegy is one among the richest literary forms as a result of it's the capability to precise emotions that deeply influence people. The strongest of the tools lament U.S.es is its reliance on reminiscences of these who are not any more. Most of the poets who wrote elegies we tend tore manifestly awed by the frailty of human beings, and the way the globe fully forgets regarding the deceased at some point.
However, the operate of elegy isn't as restricted because it is thought. Whenever we take a glance at elegy examples, what involves mind are feelings like sorrow, grief, and lamentation; but, a study of the Latin elegy tells us otherwise. a good deal of genre created in western literature was impressed by Latin elegy, that wasn't continuously thus somber. The most famous elegiac poets in Latin literature, such as Catullus, Ovid, and Propertius, used humor, irony, even slotted narratives into a literary composition and still known as them elegy.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw