An acrostic is a literary device in which the first letter of each verse consecutively forms a word or message. An acrostic is mostly applied in poetry, but it can also be used in prose or word puzzles. This word or alphabet is often related to the theme of the poem is deliberately inserted so that readers discover the layered message. It also acts as a mnemonic device that can speed up the memorization process. Acrostic poetry can be written in any meter or in free verse, with or.However, the most common types of acrostic poems are those in which the initial letter of each line forms a word, and is often capitalized.
Types of acrostic poems
Telestich: These are poems in which the last letters of each line Spell out a word or message
Mesostich: Poems in which half the words or verses form a word or a message.
Double acrostic: The poem in which words are written with the first and last letters of e to h so that one word is read vertically on the left side of the text and another word is read vertically on the right side of the text.
Abecedario: acrostic in which alphabets are written instead of words. Chaucer's poem "La Priere de Nostre Dame" is a good example of an acrostic alphabet.
Non-standard: Non-standard acrostics do not use the first or last letter to spell a word Instead, they emphasize letters in different places within the poem.
Examples of acrostics in literature
Example # 1
Acrostic in Lewis Carroll's “Acrostic”
Sheets little ones, when they look at
In this little book of stories,
Reading with attentive eyes
They are your only HOLIDAY,
And that in a HOUSE of joy
Lessons serve only to annoy:
If you find
Kids with a kind mind,
Everyone else always pleasing —
Each others never bothering —
Daily work and hobby40 —
So make sure they have a vacation life.
This is a very famous acrostic from Lewis Carroll. Carroll wrote this poem for three days. children at Christmas. The poem illustrates the beautiful meaning of home life during the holidays. The poet seems to explain why we should take a break from busy life to enjoy these vacation moments. However, it is the most common type of acrostic. , as the initial letters of the poem spell out the names of three sisters: Lorina, Alice and Edith.
Example no. 2
Acrostic in Nabokov's “The Vane Sisters”
“I was consciously unable to isolate much. Everything seemed hazy, yellow cloudy and revealed nothing tangible, seemed yellow hazy, illusory, lost. “
This is the best example of acrostic in prose. It's about a professor who believes that codes and hidden meanings wrapped in acrostics create the thrill of discovery. Hence the first letters of each. The word in the last paragraph of the text contains a sentence: “Icicles from Cynthia; Meters away from me, Sybil. “Although these words may sound like nonsense if someone hasn't stumbled upon the story, they are the key words to interpret the mysterious plot of the story so sweetly:
In vain these words of yours or L.
Zantippe's talents had caught on so well :
Ah! If that language comes from your heart,
Breathe it less gently and cover your eyes.
Endymion, remember, when Luna tried to heal her love, she was cured of everything that wasn't her madness, her pride and passion, because she died. The acrostic has been written by a renowned American poet, Edgar Alan Poe, in which he talks about love using the name ELIZABETH as a word. The LL in the third line may refer to an English poet, Letitia Elizabeth London, famous for signing her works with these initials. The poem talks about the love and joy of a couple. Poe has used an acrostic style to illustrate how most people find hope in love.
abOut 1948 or 50 the number of people
all at oncE
equaled the numbeR who had ever lived at any time all added together
the Present as far as numbers
became equal to the Past
we are now in the fUture
it is something eLse
has iT quadrupled
all we nOw
kNow for sure is
are iNthe minority
they are outnumbereD by us who're living
whAt does this do to
way of communicaTing...
This poem is a mesostic poem with key letters in the middle of each line. Cage speaks very skillfully of the phenomenon of overpopulation in this long mesostic poem. He has used these formal strategies to show that in this crowded world the individual is no longer the center of social or aesthetic forms of organization in a digitized world.
Acrostics Meaning and Function
It is used as a tool to give a new dimension to texts . The authors very artistically transform a simple text into a word puzzle by allowing the audience to interpret the hidden message of the text. Also, the authors can project information weird. It's nothing funny, however. The authors choose this strategy specifically to convey their thoughts, ideas and messages. The acrostic makes poems easy to remember. This conventional style of poetry is widely used in children's literature to make learning fun.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw