Autobiography is a type of biography that tells a life story of the author, that is, a written record of the life of the author. Instead of being written by someone else, an autobiography comes in its own words through the person's own pen. Some autobiographies are written in the form of a fictional story; As novels or stories that accurately reflect events from the author's real life. These stories include Charles Dickens' David Copperfield and JD Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. When you write about personal experiences, you discover yourself. Therefore, it is not just a collection of anecdotes - it is a revelation for the reader about the author's self-discovery.
Difference between autobiography and memoir
In an autobiography the author tries to identify important elements of his life to hold on. Not only does he delve into his career and growth as a person, he also uses emotions and facts related to family life, relationships, education, travel, sexuality, and any kind of inner struggle. A memory is a record of memories and certain events that occurred in the author's life. In fact, it is the account of a story or an event in your life; an account that does not tell the full record of a life
Examples of autobiography in literature
Example # 1: The Box: Tales from the Darkroom (by Gunter Grass)
A noble laureate and novelist, Gunter Grass, has shown a new perspective on autobiography examination mixing his fictional focus quilt into his autobiographical book, "The Box: Tales from the Darkroom." Adopting the individual point of view of each of his children, Grass narrates what his children think of him as his father and his writer. Although it is truly an experimental approach, due to Grass's creativity and linguistic prowess, it gains an exciting momentum.
Example # 2: My Life Story (by Helen Keller)
In her autobiography, My Life Story, Helen Keller recounts her first twenty years, beginning with the events of the childhood illness that left her deaf and blind . , a writer sent him a letter and prophesied: "Someday you will write a great story from your own head that will be a comfort and a help to many."
In this book, Keller mentions prominent historical personalities, such as Alexander Graham Bell, whom she met at the age of six, and with whom she remained friends for several years. Keller visited John Greenleaf Whittier, a famous American poet, and she corresponded with other eminent figures, including Oliver Wen Dell Holmes and Mrs. Grover Cleveland. In general, Keller's autobiography tries to overcome great obstacles through hard work and pain.
Example # 3: Self-Portraits: Fictions (by Frederic Tuten)
In his autobiography, “Self-Portraits: Fictions,” Frederic Tuten has combined the margins of romantic life with reality. Like postmodern writers, such as Jorge Luis Borges and Italo Calvino, Tuten's stories jump between truth and imagination, time and place, without warning. She has done the same with his autobiography, where readers are eager to move through fanciful stories about train rides, circus bears, and secrets to a happy marriage; All of which gives readers glimpses of the real man.
Example # 4: My Awards (by Thomas Bernhard)
Reliving the success of his literary career through the lens of the many awards he has received, Thomas Bernhard makes a sarcastic comment on his autobiography: "My Awards." Bernhard, in fact, has taken little too seriously; rather, he has viewed his life as a farce theatrical drama that unfolds around him. Although Bernhard is content with the lifestyle and prestige of being an author, his nonchalant attitude and scathing wit make this A more dissident and hilarious memory
Example # 5: Benjamin Franklin's autobiography (by Benjamin Franklin)
"The Benjamin Franklin's autobiography "is written by one of the founding fathers of the United States. This book reveals Franklin's youth, his ideas, and his days of adversity and prosperity. It is one of the best examples of living the American dream, sharing the idea that one can gain financial independence and achieve a prosperous life through hard work.
Autobiography enables authors to speak directly to their readers and their descendants. The function of the autobiography is to leave a legacy for its readers. By writing an autobiography, the individual shares their triumphs and failures as well as the lessons learned, and allows readers to tell and feel motivated by inspiring stories. Life stories bridge the gap between people of different ages and origins and establish connections between old and new generations.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw