Comic relief is a literary device used in plays and novels to introduce light entertainment between tragic scenes. It is often used in the form of a humorous incident, a funny incident, a misleading comment, or a laughing comment. It is deliberately inserted to relieve the public. In this sense, it makes the tragedy seem less intense. Although it is often considered a distraction, it plays an important role in advancing the action of the play or novel. Etymologically, comic relief is a phrase of two comic words and relief. The meanings are clear: it is a relief provided through incidents or comic comments. the key. Knock
Knock, knock, knock, knock! Who is there, am I the name of
Belzebub? Here is a farmer who hanged himself with the expectation of abundance. Come on time! Have napkins40-440-4 now on you; here you are going to sweat for you. Knock
Knock, knock! Who is there, in the name of the other devil? ”
(Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Act-II, Scene-III, Lines 1-8)
scene from the second act of Shakespeare's Macbeth. Porter is delivering these lines between two gruesome incidents; the murder of King Duncan and the discovery of his body. Porter thinks that he seems to be on guard for Hell's Gate. He is hallucinating and delving into inappropriate jokes and abuse. This scene brings a brief comic relief after the tragic death of King Duncan.
Example # 2
"Parents who wear rags
make their children blind;
But parents who carry bags
will see their children kind."
(King Lear Act II, Scene II, Lines 55-58) .
It is very interesting that King Lear, in fact, was a powerful and beloved father, who enjoyed the love of his daughters. When he was a rich king, they used to flatter him. However, when he is a poor man after dividing the property, all the daughters turn blind towards him. The joking and mocking behavior of the court jester provides this comic relief in several other places in the play. These lines bring relief to readers when the tragedy is overwhelming.
Example # 3
“Let me go. Here is the water; good: here is the man; Okay; If the man goes to this water,
and drowns, it is, will he, nor he, he,
? but if the water reaches him
and drowns him, he himself does not drown: argal, he
that he is not guilty of his own death does not shorten his own life.
(Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Act V, Scene I, lines 14-20)
This is another great example of William Shakespeare's comic relief to Hamlet. The two clownish gravedigger in this scene talk about Ophelia drowning and her burial in the cemetery. These lines show how jokingly this first gravedigger investigates suicide in such a way that it doesn't seem like he's blaming the dead; Rather, he blames the water. This is a comical relief as it gives the audience a chance to smile after going through severe worries over the death of Hamlet's father and the melancholy of young Hamlet.
Example # 4
"Well well me am a man forever. I won't leave my horse for forty. If only he had the quality of hey-thing-thing, hey-thing-thing, I'd have made a brave living with him: He's got buttocks as smooth as an eel. [By the way.] Well, God, you, Lord, your boy is going to save him for me. But listen, sir; If my horse is sick or uncomfortable and I bring him his water, you tell me what it is.
(Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlow, Scene XI, lines 20-24) .
Horse Course is a character in Dr Faustus who wants to buy Faustus' horse when they are at the Emperor's court. Faustus warns him not to ride his horse in the water. First, he shows his seriousness in understanding his instructions. He later jokes about the problem, saying that the horse's bottom is "smooth as an eel" which makes others laugh at the argument. It's interesting, however, when he rides on it through water, it disappears, leaving him in the grass. This comic scene arises when the situation in the play becomes deeply serious and intense.
Comic Relief Features
Comic Relief is a break for the audience, an opportunity to feel carefree and enjoy something new. It also gives them a chance to smile at something different. Although it seems uncomfortable at times, it also happens in real time that humor is the spice of life where tragedy becomes too heavy to tolerate. Furthermore, it is a time of reflection for characters.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw